Density Calculator

Nonpalletized Freight Density Calculator

To determine the cubic dimensions of a nonpalletized shipment, measure the shipment's height, width and length. Multiply those dimensions to obtain the cubic dimension of the shipment in inches.

Palletized Freight Density Calculator

To determine the cubic dimensions of a palletized shipment, combine the pallet dimensions with the shipment.

To determine the cubic dimensions of a palletized shipment, combine the pallet dimensions with the shipment.

Figure Out Your Total Cubic Footage
Weight inches or feet
Piece Count Length Width Height Cubic Feet
Total Cubic Feet
Total PCF (pounds per cubic feet)
PCF (pounds per cubic feet) Class
Less than 1 500
1 but less than 2 400
2 but less than 3 300
3 but less than 4 250
4 but less than 5 200
5 but less than 6 175
6 but less than 7 150
7 but less than 8 125
8 but less than 9 110
9 but less than 10.5 100
10.5 but less than 12 92.5
12 but less than 13.5 85
13.5 but less than 15 77.5
15 but less than 22.5 70
22.5 but less than 30 65
30 but less than 35 60
35 but less than 50 55
50 + 50

How to Measure Nonpalletized Freight

EXAMPLE: If the length is 25 inches, the width is 24 inches and the height is 23 inches, multiply them as follows:

  1. 25 X 24 X 23 = 13,800 cubic inches.
  2. Convert cubic inches to cubic feet by dividing the cubic inch total by 1,728—the number of cubic inches in one cubic foot. For example: 13,800 divided by 1,728 = 7.98 cubic feet.
  3. Dividing the weight of the shipment by the number of cubic feet will provide the density. For example: 90 pounds divided by 7.98 = 11.27 pounds per cubic foot.

How to Measure Palletized Freight

EXAMPLE: If the pallet is 46 inches long, 42 inches wide and 6 inches high, add the height of the pallet to the height of the shipment (23 inches) for a combined height of 29 inches.

  1. 46 X 42 X 29 = 56,028 cubic inches.
  2. Next, convert the inches total to cubic feet by dividing 56,028 by 1,728 = 32.42 cubic feet.
  3. The density then equals the weight 120 (90 pounds for the shipment and approximately 30 pounds for the pallet) divided by the cubic dimension: 120 divided by 32.42 = 3.70 pounds per cubic foot.

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